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Checklist of
Bowed Stringed Instruments
Made Before 1800

Dancing Masters' Fiddles and Bow (left to right), Nos. 2538, 2681, 2680, 3591, and 3350.

Dancing Master's Fiddles (see Pochettes and Kits)


Instrument Index

Violins
Violas
Violas d'amore
Violoncelli
Viols
Liras da Braccio
Pochettes and Kits
Trumpet Marine
Bows




Specific Makers and Builders

 

Allettsee, Pauli
Amati, Andrea: violin (1560), violin (1574), viola, violoncello
Amati, Antonio and Girolamo
Amati, Girolamo: violin (1604), violin (1609), violino piccolo
Amati, Nicolo
Banks, Benjamin
Bente, Matteo
Bergonzi, Nicola
Betts, Edward
Bonci, Joseph de
Busch, Ernst
Calcanio, Bernardo
Carcassi, Tomaso
Cerin, Marco Antonio
Dall'Aglio, Giuseppe
Dodd, James
Dodd, John
Forster and Dodd
Gagliano, Ferdinando
Gagliano, Niccolo
Gasparo da Salo: bass viols, viola
Gavinies, François
Gragnani, Antonio
Grancino, Giovanni
Guarneri, Andrea
Guidantus, Johannes Florenus
Hamm, Johann Gottfried
Hopf, David
Hoskin, John
Hunger, Christoph Friedrich
Karpp, Gregor
Kloz II, Georg
Kloz Family
Linarol, Francesco
Linarol, Ventura di Francesco: bass viol, lira da braccio
Maggini, Giovanni Paolo: bass viols, violin
Mantegazza, Pietro Giovanni
Mariani, Lodovico
Maussiel, Leonhard
Meisel, Friedrich Wilhelm
Meisel, Johann Georg
Norris and Barnes
Panormo Family
Perry, Thomas
Robinson, John
Rogeri (Ruggerius), Pietro Giacomo
Stainer, Jacob: violin, viola
Storioni, Lorenzo
Stradivari, Antonio: bow, violin, violin belly, bass viola da gamba converted to cello
Straub, Frantz
Testore, Carlo
Tielke, Joachim
Tobin, Richard
Tourte l'aîné
Tourte le jeune, François Xavier
Worle, Mathias
Zanetto di Montichiaro
Zanetto, Peregrino di


Violins
(in chronological order)

NMM 3366. Violin by Andrea Amati, Cremona, ca. 1560. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  Laurence C. Witten II, "The Surviving Instruments of Andrea Amati," Early Music 10, No. 4 (October 1982), pp. 489-491.

Andrea Mosconi and Laurence C. Witten, Capolavori di Andrea Amati (Cremona: Ente Triennale Internazionale degli Strumenti ad Arco, 1984), pp. 41-46 and 67.

Roger Hargrave, "Preservation Order," The Strad 96, No. 1142 (June 1985), p. 128.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 30-31.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), pp. 17 and 49.

"January 2009," The Strad Calendar 2009: The Museum Collection (London: The Strad, 2009).


NMM 5260. Violin by Andrea Amati, Cremona, 1574. Ex colls.: William Corbett, London; William Marshall; Hester S. Bowles; Richard Bennett, Lancashire; W. E. Hill & Sons, London. Rawlins Fund, 1991. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  Andrea Mosconi and Laurence C. Witten, Capolavori di Andrea Amati (Cremona: Ente Triennale Internazionale degli Strumenti ad Arco, 1984), pp. 17-22 and 63.

Daniel Draley, ed., A Genealogy of the Amati Family of Violin Makers 1500-1740: A Translation of 'La Genealogia degli Amati Liutai' by Carlo Bonetti, published in Cremona in 1938, Gertrud Graubart Champe, translator (DeWitt, Iowa: Daniel Draley, 1989), plates 7-10.

Important Musical Instruments, Phillips London Auction Catalog, November 21, 1991, Lot 180, pp. 68-69.

"1991 Acquisitions Include Rare Andrea Amati Violin," The Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 19, No. 2 (January 1992), pp. 1-2.

"1991 Acquisitions at USD Music Museum," Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society 21, No. 1 (February 1992), p. 6.


NMM 14470. Violin, The King Henry IV, by Antonio and Girolamo Amati, Cremona, ca. 1595. Ex colls.: King Henry IV, France; François de Bassompierre and family, France; King Louis XVIII, France; Jean-Baptiste Cartier, Paris; George Hart, London; Royal de Forest Hawley, Hartford, Connecticut; Albert Hastings Pitkin, Hartford; Lyon & Healy, Chicago; Edmund V. Bukolt, Stevens Point, Wisconsin; The Copernicus Cultural Foundation, Chicago. Purchase funds gift of Kevin Schieffer, Sioux Falls, 2010.

Lit.:  "Amati Family Reunion Continues," Strings Trade: News and View of the Violin Business (June 2010).

Gary Ellenbolt, "A King's Violin: From Italy to South Dakota," All Things Considered, National Public Radio, July 7, 2010.

"National Music Museum Augments its Amati Collection: 'King Henry IV' Brothers Amati to Join Fine violins in Vermillion, South Dakota," The Strad website.

Sarah Deters Richardson and Jonathan Santa Maria Bouquet, "Medical Imaging Enables Staff to See the 'Whole' Picture," NMM Newsletter 37, No. 2 (August 2010).

Arian Sheets, "King Henry IV's Amati Violin Joins NMM's Crown Jewels," NMM Newsletter 37, No. 2 (August 2010).

Erin Shrader, "The French Connection—National Music Museum Receives the Rarest of Gifts," Strings 184 (August 2010): 68.

"The National Museum of Music [sic] Receives a Violin by Antonio and Girolamo Amati Bearing Armorials of King Henri IV of Navarre and France," France-Midwest Express Retrospective (August/September 2010).

"Violin Strings Together French Past and American Future," News from France: A Free Monthly Review of French News and Trends (Washington, DC: French Embassy Press and Communication Service) 10.07 (September 30, 2010): 8.

Andrew Dipper and Claire Givens, "Fit for A King," The Strad 121, No. 1446 (October 2010): 26-34. Link to Peter McGuire of the Minnesota Orchestra performing J. S. Bach's "Partita No. 3 in E Major" on The King Henry IV violin, on YouTube.

David Lias, "400-year-old Violin Unveiled at National Music Museum," Vermillion Plain Talk (October 1, 2010).

"Schieffer Unveils The King Henry IV Violin," National Music Museum Newsletter 37, No 3 (December 2010).


NMM 3420. Violin, northern Italy, ca. 1600. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3426. Violin, northern Italy, ca. 1600. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3413. Violin, northern Italy, ca. 1600-30. Ex coll.: Harry Wahl, Viborg, Finland. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3423. Violin by Girolamo Amati, Cremona, 1604. Ex coll.:  E. M. W. Paul, London. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 32-33.


NMM 3364. Violin, 7/8-size, by Girolamo Amati, Cremona, 1609. Ex colls.: Pietro Verri, Milan; Melzi family; Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.

Lit.:  L'Esposizione di liuteria antica a Cremona nel 1937 (Cremona: Comitato Stradivariano, 1938), No. 5.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Violino Piccolo and Other Small Violins," Early Music 18, No. 4 (November 1990), pp. 588-589.

Jeffrey S. Loen and A. Thomas King, "Thick and Thin," The Strad, Vol. 113, No. 1352 (December 2002), p. 1355.

André P. Larson, "Three Great Violins from the Witten-Rawlins Collection Will Go Home to Cremona, But Only for a Short Visit," National Music Museum Newsletter 33, No. 3 (August 2006), pp. 4-5.


NMM 3361. Violino piccolo by Girolamo Amati, Cremona, 1613. Ex coll.: Andrew Fountaine, London. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Technical drawing available.

Lit.: "Purchase of Witten Collection Attracts Widespread Attention," Shrine to Music Museum, Inc. Newsletter 11, No. 4 (July 1984), p. 2.

"Witten Collection is Acquired by Shrine to Music Museum at USD," Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society 13, No. 3 (October 1984), pp. 1-3.

Roger Hargrave, "Preservation Order," The Strad 96, No. 1142 (June 1985), pp. 125 and 127.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 33-35.

"Violino Piccolo to be Exhibited in Boston," The Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 14, No. 3 (April 1987), p. 4.

Margaret Downie Banks, "Small is Beautiful:  A Violino Piccolo from the Age of Monteverdi," La Voce (July 1987), p. 4.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), pp. 10 and 48.

Herbert W. Myers, "The Renaissance Violin: An Introduction for Players," Strings 4, No. 5 (March/April 1990), p. 34.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Violino Piccolo and Other Small Violins," Early Music 18, No. 4 (November 1990), pp. 588-596.

Peter Walls, "Mozart and the Violin," Early Music 20, No. 1 (February 1992), p. 11.

Roger Hargrave, "The Failure of Brotherly Love?," The Strad 104, No. 1237 (May 1993), p. 471.

Paul R. Laird, "That Gut Feeling:  The World of Early Strings - The Shrine to Music Museum," Continuo 20, No. 3 (June 1996), pp. 14-15.

Robin Stowell, The Early Violin and Viola (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 172-173.

André P. Larson, "Three Great Violins from the Witten-Rawlins Collection Will Go Home to Cremona, But Only for a Short Visit," National Music Museum Newsletter 33, No. 3 (August 2006), pp. 4-5.


NMM 3422. Violin by Lodovico Mariani, Pesaro, ca. 1620. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3418. Violin, Brescian school, ca. 1625. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3356. Violin by Nicolo Amati, Cremona, 1628. Ex colls.:  C. J. Read, Salisbury; Rev. James Moore; W. H. Symes; R. E. Brandt; E. A. Willmott; Richard Bennett; George Kemp; William MacNeil Rodewald, Jr., Paris and Palm Beach. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  An Illustrated Catalogue of the Music Loan Exhibition Held . . . by the Worshipful Company of Musicians of Fishmongers' Hall, June and July 1904 (London: Novello and Co., Ltd., 1909), p. 153.

"Witten Collection Acquired," Shrine to Music Museum, Inc., Newsletter 11, No. 3 (April 1984), p. 4.

Roger Hargrave, "Preservation Order," The Strad 96, No. 1142 (June 1985), pp. 125-127.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 35-36.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir(Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), pp. 17 and 49.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Violino Piccolo and Other Small Violins," Early Music 18, No. 4 (November 1990), pp. 588-590.

Robin Stowell, The Early Violin and Viola (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), p. 173.

André P. Larson, "Three Great Violins from the Witten-Rawlins Collection Will Go Home to Cremona, But Only for a Short Visit," National Music Museum Newsletter 33, No. 3 (August 2006), pp. 4-5.


NMM 3363. Violin, Brescian school, ca. 1630. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3424. Violin, northern Italy, ca. 1630. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3365. Violin by Giovanni Paolo Maggini, Brescia, before 1632. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 4850. Violin labeled Matteo Bente, Brescia, before 1637. Arne B. Larson Estate, 1989.


NMM 3358. Violin, Brescian school, ca. 1640. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3414. Violin, northern Italy, ca. 1660. Later belly attributed to Antonio Stradivari. Ex coll.: E. M. W. Paul, London. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 4548. Violin by Jacob Stainer, Absam bei Innsbruck, 1668. Ex colls.: Fridolin Hamma, Stuttgart; W. E. Hill & Sons, London; Sam Bloomfield Foundation. Board of Trustees in memory of Arne B. and Jeanne F. Larson, 1989. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  David D. Boyden, "Violin, §I, 4: c1600 to c1785," in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, edited by Stanley Sadie (London: Macmillan, 1980), Vol. 19, p. 828, illustration 11a.

David D. Boyden, "Violin, §I, 4: c1600 to c1785," in The New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments, edited by Stanley Sadie (London: Macmillan, 1984), Vol. 3, p. 774, illustration 11a.


NMM 3598. Violin, The Harrison, by Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1693. Ex colls.: Harrison; Hottinger, New York. Rawlins Fund, 1985. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.: W. Henry Hill, Arthur F. Hill, and Alfred E. Hill, Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), reprint of 1902 edition (New York: Dover Publications, 1963), between pp. 20-21 and 48.

Herbert Goodkind, Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1937 (Larchmont, New York: Herbert Goodkind, 1972), pp. 243-244.

Simone F. Sacconi, The Secrets of Stradivari (Cremona : Libreria Del Convegno, 1979), pp. 26-27.

"Known as the 'Harrison' . . .  Famous 1693 Strad Acquired," Shrine to Music Museum, Inc. Newsletter 12, No. 3 (April 1985), pp. 1-2.

"USD Music Museum Buys 1693 'Harrison' Strad," Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society 14, No. 2 (June 1985), p. 11.

Roger Hargrave, "Preservation Order," The Strad 96, No. 1142 (June 1985), cover and p. 128.

Bein & Fushi, Inc., 1986 Calendar.

Charles Beare, Capolavori di Antonio Stradivari (Milan: Arnoldo Mondadori, 1987), pp. 56-57.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 39-41.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), opposite contents and pp. 6, 17 and 48.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The 'Harrison' Violin, the 'Rawlins' Guitar, and other Stradivari Materials at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 9, No. 3 (1989), pp. 19-27.

André P. Larson, "The 'Harrison' Violin," The South Dakota Musician, 26, No. 3 (Spring 1992), front cover and p. 22.

Charles Beare, with the collaboration of Bruce Carlson, Antonio Stradivari: The Cremona Exhibition of 1987 (London: J & A. Beare, 1993), pp. 108-113; 316-317.

The 2001 Strad Calendar, April 2001.

Jeffrey S. Loen and A. Thomas King, "Thick and Thin," The Strad 113, No. 1352 (December 2002), pp. 1354-1359.

André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), cover and pp. 12, 26.


NMM 3353. Violin by Carlo Testore for Giovanni Grancino, Milan, 1693. Five strings. Ex coll.: Salzer, Vienna. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3362. Violin by Pietro Giacomo Rogeri (Ruggerius), Brescia, 1715. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 4914. Violin, Germany, ca. 1730-1800. Gift of J. Laiten Weed Estate, Yankton, 1990.


NMM 4899. Violin by Tomaso Carcassi, Florence, 1759. Gift of J. Laiten Weed Estate, Yankton, South Dakota, 1990.


NMM 3360. Violin, 7/8-size, Brescian school, ca. 1760. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 6053. Violin by Friedrich Wilhelm Meisel, Quittenbach, 1772. Gift of Kurt Lothar and Patricia A. Meisel, Owatonna, Minnesota, 1997.


NMM 10834. Violin by John Robinson, American colonies or England, 1773. Ex coll.: Frank Hubbard, Waltham, Massachusetts. Gift of Diane Hubbard, Weston, Massachusetts, 2005.


NMM 3416. Violin, Dutch school, ca. 1780. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 9964. Violin by Georg Kloz II, Mittenwald, ca. 1780-1790. Gift of Kurt. Lothar and Patricia A. Meisel, Owatonna, in memory of Kurt O. Meisel (1903-1995), Co-Founder of Meisel Violins, Inc.


NMM 5587. Violin by Jean-Baptiste Grand-Gérard, Mirecourt, ca. 1780-1820. Gift of Raymond Wise, San Diego, California, 1993.


NMM 6052. Violin by Johann Georg Meisel, Klingenthal, 1785. Gift of Kurt Lothar and Patricia A. Meisel, Owatonna, 1997.


NMM 3357. Violin by Antonio Gragnani, Livorno, 1788. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.


NMM 3415. Violin attributed to Giuseppe Dall'Aglio, Mantua, ca. 1790. Ex coll.: Cyril Jacklin, London. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 4371. Violin by member of Kloz family, Mittenwald, 1790-1830. Arne B. Larson Estate, 1989.


NMM 4857. Violin attributed to David Hopf, Klingenthal, ca. 1790-1840. Arne B. Larson Estate, 1989.


NMM 3355. Violin by Marco Antonio Cerin, Venice, 1792. Ex coll.: Conte Carigiani, Venice. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Technical drawing available (consult the Luthier's Library for additional measurements and photos).


NMM 3359. Violin, 1/2-size, by Lorenzo Storioni, Cremona, 1793. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.


NMM 5204. Violin by Johann Gottfried Hamm, Markneukirchen, 1796. Ex coll.: Jean Twombly, New London, New Hampshire. Board of Trustees, 1991.

Return to Bowed String Instrument Index
Go to Checklist of 16th- and 17th-Century Instruments


Violas
(in chronological order)

NMM 3370. Viola by Andrea Amati, Cremona, ca. 1560. Ex colls.: C. B. Lutyens, Amwell Grove, England; Hope Hambourg; E. R. Voigt, London. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  [Arthur Beare], "Viola by Andrea Amati," The Strad 35, No. 419 (March 1925), pp. 705-706.

"Andrea Amati," The Strad 70, No. 832 (August 1959), pp. 118-119.

Laurence C. Witten, "The Surviving Instruments of Andrea Amati," Early Music 10, No. 4 (October 1982), p. 489.

Andrea Mosconi and Laurence C. Witten, Capolavori di Andrea Amati (Cremona: Ente Triennale Internazionale degli Strumenti ad Arco, 1984), pp. 47-52 and 68.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 30-31 and 37-39.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 49.

Maurice W. Riley, The History of the Viola, Volume II (Ann Arbor, Michigan: Braun-Brumfield, 1991), pp. 8-9.

Renato Meucci, editor, Un corpo alla ricerca dell'anima . . . Andrea Amati and the Birth of the Violin 1505-2005, Exhibition Catalog, Vol. 1 (Cremona: Ente Triennale Internazionale degli Strumenti ad Arco Consorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari Cremona, 2005), pp. 161-169.

Renato Meucci, Strumentaio: Il costruttore di strumenti musicali nella tradizione occidentale (Venice: Marsilio Editori, 2008), p. 80, fig. 7.


NMM 3367. Viola by Peregrino di Zanetto, Brescia, after 1564. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3368. Viola by Gasparo Bertolotti da Salò, Brescia, before 1609. Ex colls.: Joseph Joachim; Joseph Vieland. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  "N.Y. Times Carries Story . . .  Purchase of Witten Collection Attracts Widespread Attention," Shrine to Music Museum, Inc., Newsletter, 11, No. 4 (July 1984), pp. 1-3.

Roger Hargrave, "Preservation Order," The Strad 96, No. 1142 (June 1985), p. 127.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 48.

Maurice W. Riley, The History of The Viola, Vol. II (Ann Arbor, Michigan: Braum-Brumfield, 1991), pp. 18 and 20.

Kurt Kauert, Vogtländisch-westböhmischer Geigenbau in vier Jahrhunderten (Schneeberg: Sächsische Landesstelle für Volkskultur, 2006), p. 20.


NMM 4881. Viola by Ernst Busch, Nürnberg, 1641. Arne B. and Jeanne F. Larson Fund, 1989.


NMM 3371. Tenor viola by Jacob Stainer, Absam bei Innsbruck, ca. 1650. Ex colls.: Hermann Hammig, Berlin; Fridolin Hamma, Stuttgart. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  Darren Freeman, "Think Big," The Strad 121, No. 1439 (March 2010): cover, pp. 29-34.

Poster, Stainer Tenor Viola c. 1650 (London: The Strad, 2010).


NMM 3354. Tenor viola by Andrea Guarneri, Cremona, 1664. Ex colls.: N. H. Conte Pietro Canal, Patrizio Veneto (Patrician of Venice); Laura di Tocco Canal, Milan; Andrea Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Technical drawing available (consult the Luthier's Library for additional measurements and photos).

Lit.: "Witten Collection Acquired," Shrine to Music Museum, Inc., Newsletter 11, No. 3 (April 1984), p. 3.

"Witten Collection is Acquired by Shrine to Music Museum at USD," Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society 13, No. 3 (October 1984), p. 1.

Roger Hargrave, "Preservation Order," The Strad 96, No. 1142 (June 1985), pp. 124 and 127.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 37-39.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), pp. 5 and 48.

William L. Monical, Shapes of the Baroque: The Historical Development of Bowed String Instruments (The American Federation of Violin and Bow Makers, 1989), pp. 72-73.

Herbert W. Myers, "The Renaissance Violin: An Introduction for Players," Strings 4, No. 5 (March/April 1990), p. 37.

Maurice W. Riley, The History of the Viola, Volume II (Ann Arbor, Michigan: Braun-Brumfield, 1991), pp. 13-14.

Experience the World of Music: Orange County Philharmonic Society 1994-95 Subscription Season (Irvine, California, 1994), pp. 10-11.

Paul R. Laird, "That Gut Feeling:  The World of Early Strings - The Shrine to Music Museum," Continuo 20, No. 3 (June 1996), p. 15.

Michael H. Hoffheimer, Fiddling for Viola (Pacific, Missouri: Mel Bay Publications, Inc., 2000), front cover.

Naomi Sadler, "Cremonese Feast," The Strad, 116, No. 1386 (October 2005), p. 26.


NMM 9962. Viola by Frantz Straub, Friedenweiler, Schwarzwald, ca. 1685. Purchase funds gift of Tom and Cindy Lillibridge, Bonesteel, South Dakota, 2000.

Lit.: John Koster, "Distinctive, Decorated 17th-Century Viola Acquired!" America's Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 28, No. 1 (February 2001), pp. 1-2.


NMM 3428. Viola by Leonhard Maussiel, Nürnberg, ca. 1731. Ex coll.: Rembert Wurlitzer, New York. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 4144. Viola by Christoph Friedrich Hunger, Leipzig, 1751. Ex coll.: Charles Beare, London. Arne B. and Jeanne F. Larson Fund, 1987.


NMM 6046. Viola by Nicola Bergonzi, Cremona, 1781. Gift of Cora Witten, Vero Beach, Florida, in memory of Laurence C. Witten (1926-1995), 1997. Consult the Luthier's Library for detailed measurements and photos.

Lit.:  Margaret Downie Banks, "Rare 1781 Bergonzi Viola Given in Memory of Laurence C. Witten (1926-1995)," America's Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 25, No. 1 (October 1997), pp. 4-5, 8.

André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 27.


NMM 3369. Viola by Pietro Giovanni Mantegazza, Milan, 1793. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Technical drawing available (consult the Luthier's Library for additional measurements and photos).

Lit.:  Roger Hargrave, "Presentation Order," The Strad 96, No. 1142 (June 1985), p. 127.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 41, 45-46.

Maurice W. Riley, The History of the Viola, Vol. II (Ann Arbor: Braun-Brumfield, 1991), pp. 40, 59, plate 37..

The Strad 1998 Calendar: Milan Makers 1670-1800.

Return to Bowed String Instrument Index
Go to Checklist of 16th- and 17th-Century Instruments


Violas d'Amore
(in chronological order)

NMM 3479. Viola d'amore, Germany, ca. 1700-1750. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3967. Viola d'amore by Pauli Allettsee, Munich, 1721. Rawlins Fund, 1985.


NMM 3379. Viola d'amore by Bernardo Calcanio, Genoa, 1742. Ex coll.: Emil Herrmann, Stepney, Connecticut. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3380. Viola d'amore by Niccolo Gagliano, Naples, 175-. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.

Return to Bowed String Instrument Index
Go to Checklist of 16th- and 17th-Century Instruments


Violoncelli
(in chronological order)

NMM 3351. Violoncello, The King, by Andrea Amati, Cremona, mid-16th century. Ex coll.: King Charles IX of France. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Technical drawing available (consult the Luthier's Library for additional measurements and photos).

Lit.:  William Sandys and Simon A. Forster, The History of the Violin (London: J. R. Smith, 1864), p. 203.

Carl Engel, Catalogue of the Special Exhibition of Ancient Musical Instruments (London: J. Strangeways, 1872), no. 183.

Olga Racster, Chats on Violoncellos (London: T. Werner Laurie, 1907), pp. 110-115.

An Illustrated Catalogue of the Music Loan Exhibition Held . . . by the Worshipful Company of Musicians of Fishmongers' Hall, June and July 1904 (London: Novello and Co., Ltd., 1909), p. 159.

Elizabeth Cowling, The Cello (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975), pp. 14 a-b; 28-29.

S. F. Sacconi, I segreti di Stradivari (Cremona: Libreria del Convegno, 1972; English translation, 1979), pp. 16-17.

Laurence C. Witten, "The Surviving Instruments of Andrea Amati," Early Music 10, No. 4 (October 1982), p. 491.

Andrea Mosconi and Laurence C. Witten, Capolavori di Andrea Amati (Cremona: Ente Triennale Internazionale degli Strumenti ad Arco, 1984), pp. 53-58 and 69.

"Witten Collection Acquired," Shrine to Music Museum, Inc., Newsletter 11, No. 3 (April 1984), p. 1.

Roger Hargrave, "Preservation Order," The Strad 96, No. 1142 (June 1985), p. 127.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Witten-Rawlins Collection and Other Early Italian Stringed Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Journal of the Violin Society of America 8, No. 3 (1987), pp. 27-31.

-------, "The 'King' Holds Court in Vermillion," La Voce of Claire Givens Violins, Inc. (February 1987), p. 5.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 49.

Daniel Draley, ed., A Genealogy of the Amati Family of Violin Makers 1500-1740: A Translation of 'La Genealogia degli Amati Liutai' by Carlo Bonetti, published in Cremona in 1938, Gertrud Graubart Champe, translator (DeWitt, Iowa: Daniel Draley, 1989), plate 5.

-------, "The Transition of the Amati Workshop into the Hands of Stradivari, 1660-1684," Journal of The Violin Society of America 9, No. 3 (1989), pp. 77 and 81.

Roger Hargrave, "Andrea Amati 1505-1577," The Strad 102, No. 1220 (December 1991), p. 1102.

André P. Larson, "Welcome to the Amati Society," America's Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 25, No. 5 (November 1998), pp. 4-5.

Roger Hargrave, "Artistic Alliance," The Strad 111, No. 1324 (August 2000), pp. 832-837.

André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 28.

Paul Laird, The Baroque Cello Revival: An Oral History (Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2004), unnumbered page between pp. 176-177.

Joshua Koestenbaum, Demonstration of The King violoncello on The Secrets, Lives, and Violins of the Great Cremona Makers 1505-1744(Minneapolis: Claire Givens Violins, Inc., 2005). CD.

Renato Meucci, editor, Un corpo alla ricerca dell'anima . . . Andrea Amati and the Birth of the Violin 1505-2005, Exhibition Catalog, Vol. 1 (Cremona: Ente Triennale Internazionale degli Strumenti ad Arco Consorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari Cremona, 2005), pp. 171-181.

Mary Oleskiewicz, "The Rise of Italian Chamber Music," Chapter Three in The World of Baroque Music:  New Perspectives, edited by George B. Stauffer (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006), pp. 48, 50, and plate 8.

Andrew Dipper, "The King Cello and the Painted Decorations on the Amati Instruments Made for the Court of Charles IX of France, 1560-1574," Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Summer 2006), pp. 15-78.


NMM 3378. Violoncello (originally a bass viola da gamba by Gasparo da Salo, Brescia, before 1609). Converted to a violoncello, probably in the 19th century. Ex coll.: Beare, London. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3372. Violoncello, Brescian school, ca. 1625. Ex coll.: Robert Haven Schauffler, New York. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 5300. Violoncello attributed to Brescia, ca. 1700-1750. Gift of Alice Louise Healy, Sloan, Iowa, 1992.


NMM 10845. Violoncello (originally a bass viola da gamba), workshop of Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, ca. 1730. Converted into a violoncello with an adjustable neck, ca. 1835-1850. Karl and Helen Fruh Estate, Austin, Texas, 2005.

Lit.: Joshua Koestenbaum, Demonstration of the Stradivari Viol/Cello on The Secrets, Lives, and Violins of the Great Cremona Makers 1505-1744 (Minneapolis: Claire Givens Violins, Inc., 2005). CD.


NMM 3373. Violoncello, Mantuan school, ca. 1740. Ex coll.: Bisiach. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3374. Violoncello piccolo by Ferdinando Gagliano, Naples, 1793. Ex colls.: Bellarosa; Emil Herrmann, Monroe, Connecticut. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.

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Viols
(in chronological order)

NMM 3375. Bass viola da gamba, Venetian school, ca. 1540. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3376. Bass viola da gamba by Zanetto di Montichiaro, Brescia, before 1560. Ex colls.: Correr, Venice; Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3377. Bass viola da gamba by Ventura di Francesco Linarol, Venice, 1582. Ex colls.: Correr, Venice; Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984. Technical drawing available.


NMM 3378. Bass viola da gamba by Gasparo da Salo, Brescia, before 1609. Converted to a violoncello, probably in the 19th century. Ex coll.: Beare, London. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3431. Contrabass viola da gamba attributed to Gasparo da Salo, Brescia, before 1609. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3986. Treble viol by John Hoskin, England, 1609. Ex coll.: W. E. Hill & Sons, London; John Pringle, Chapel Hill. Board of Trustees, 1986. Technical drawing available.


NMM 3430. Bass viola da gamba attributed to Giovanni Paolo Maggini, Brescia, before 1630. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3432. Contrabass viola da gamba attributed to Giovanni Paolo Maggini, Brescia, before 1630. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection 1984.


NMM 4573. Tenor viol by Gregor Karpp, Königsberg, East Prussia, 1693. Period case. Ex coll.: Canon Francis W. Galpin, Harlow, England. Arne B. and Jeanne F. Larson Fund, 1989.

Lit:  Sotheby's Musical Instruments:  November 23-25, 1988 (London: Sotheby's, 1988), Lot No. 663, pp. 296-297.

Herbert Heyde, Musikinstrumentenbau in Preussen (Tutzing: Hans Schneider, 1994), pp. 370-371, 373.

John Koster, "Museum Collections as Resources for Musical Instrument Makers," American Lutherie, 42 (Summer 1995), p. 29.

David Schulenberg, Music of the Baroque (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), p. 45.


NMM 3434. Bass viola da gamba, northern Italy, ca. 1720. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3352. Bass viola da gamba by Johannes Florenus Guidantus, Bologna, 1728. Ex colls.: Bedetti, Bologna; Silvestre family, Lyons; William E. Hill & Sons, London; E. J. Payne, England; Alexander Mackay-Smith, New York; and Emil Herrman, Stepney, Connecticut. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 4163. Pardessus (treble) viol by François Gavinies, Bordeaux, 1728. Gift of Efrim Fruchtmann, Memphis, 1987.


NMM 10845. Bass viola da gamba, workshop of Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, ca. 1730. Converted into a violoncello with an adjustable neck, ca. 1835-1850. Karl and Helen Fruh Estate, Austin, Texas, 2005.

Lit.: Joshua Koestenbaum, Demonstration of the Stradivari Viol/Cello on The Secrets, Lives, and Violins of the Great Cremona Makers 1505-1744 (Minneapolis: Claire Givens Violins, Inc., 2005). CD.


NMM 4588. Pardessus (treble) viol, France, ca. 1750. Arne B. Larson Estate, 1989.

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Liras da Braccio
(in chronological order)

NMM 4203. Lira da braccio by Francesco Linarol, Venice, 1563. Ex coll.: W. E. Hill & Sons, London. Rawlins Fund, 1988. Technical drawing available.


NMM 3427. Lira da braccio (now a viola) attributed to Ventura di Francesco Linarol, Venice, ca. 1580. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.

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Pochettes and Kits
(in chronological order)

NMM 2538.  Pochette attributed to Bohemia, ca. 1600-1650. Made perhaps by a Romany craftsman near Prague. Board of Trustees, 1979.

Lit.:  André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 53.


NMM 3350. Pochette, France, ca. 1650-1675. Ex coll.: Emil Herrmann, Stepney, Connecticut. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.

Lit.:  André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 53.


NMM 3591.  Pochette, France, ca. 1650-1675. Rawlins Fund, 1985.

Lit.:  André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 53.


NMM 4543.  Pochette possibly by Jacque Regnau[l]t, Paris, ca. 1650-1675. Ex coll.: W. E. Hill & Sons, London. Board of Trustees, 1988.

Lit.:  Made for Music:  An Exhibition to Mark the 40th Anniversary of the Galpin Society for the Study of Musical Instruments (Amersham: Halstan & Co., 1986), p. 43, plate 11.

Friedemann Hellwig, "Hamburg and Paris: Joachim Tielke's Pochettes," Galpin Socity Journal 62 (2009), pp. 183-190.


NMM 4542. Pochette labelled Joachim Tielke, Hamburg, 1671, possibly made for Tielke by Jacque Regnau[l]t, Paris, 1671. Ex coll.: W. E. Hill & Sons, London. Board of Trustees, 1988.

Lit.:  An Illustrated Catalog of the Music Loan Exhibition Held . . . by the Worshipful Company of Musicians at Fishmongers' Hall, June and July 1904 (London: Novello, 1909), p. 160.

Georg Kinsky, Musikhistorisches Museum von Wilhelm Heyer in Cöln, Katalog, Vol. 2 (Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1912), p. 645.

Günther Hellwig, "Joachim Tielke," Galpin Society Journal 17 (1964), p. 34.

Anthony Baines, European and American Musical Instruments (London: Batsford, 1966), plate 43, p. 10.

Gunther Hellwig, Joachim Tielke (Frankfurt: Verlag das Musikinstrument, 1980), pp. 52, 73-74, 120, 139-140.

Made for Music:  An Exhibition to Mark the 40th Anniversary of the Galpin Society for the Study of Musical Instruments (Amersham: Halstan & Co., 1986), p. 43, plate 11.

"1988 Acquisitions at USD Music Museum," Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society 18, No. 1 (February 1989), p. 9.

"Recent Acquisitions Await New Galleries," Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 16, No. 3 (April 1989), p. 2.

[Detail of the head of NMM 4542], Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 17, No. 3 (April 1990), p. 4.

Paul R. Laird, "That Gut Feeling: The World of Early Strings—The Shrine to Music Museum," Continuo (June 1996), p. 16.

Friedemann Hellwig, "Hamburg and Paris: Joachim Tielke's Pochettes," Galpin Socity Journal 62 (2009), pp. 183-190.


NMM 4651. Pochette by Mathias Wörle, Augsburg, 1691. Ex coll.: Baron Armand van Zuylen, Liège. Arne B. and Jeanne F. Larson Fund, 1989.

Lit.:  Important Musical Instruments Including the Van Zuylen Collection of Early Instruments (London: Christie, Manson & Woods, March 16, 1988), lot 191, p. 43.

"It's Been an Incredible Decade . . . Museum Makes Important Acquisitions Again in 1989," Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 17, No. 2 (January 1990), p. 7.

"1989 Acquisitions at USD Music Museum," Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society 19, No. 1 (February 1990), p. 16.

André P. Larson, Amadeus:   His Music and the Instruments of Eighteenth-century Vienna, exhibition catalog, Dahl Fine Arts Center, Rapid City, South Dakota, February 4-March 2, 1990 (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1990), p. 8.

Paul R. Laird, "That Gut Feeling: The World of Early Strings—The Shrine to Music Museum," Continuo (June 1996), p. 16.


NMM 2674. Kit by Thomas Perry, Dublin, ca. 1780-1800. Board of Trustees, 1980.


NMM 2681. Kit attributed to Richard Tobin, London, ca. 1800-1815. Board of Trustees, 1980.

Lit.:  Musical Instruments, Manuscripts, Autograph Letters, Printed Music and Musical Miscellanea (London: Christie, Manson & Woods, March 14, 1978), lot 85, p. 24 and plate 5.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 53.

Margaret Downie Banks, "The Violino Piccolo and Other Small Violins," Early Music 18, No. 4 (November 1990), p. 590.

Robin Stowell, The Early Violin and Viola (Oxford:  Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 172-173.

André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 39.

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Trumpet Marine

NMM 10928. Trumpet marine (tromba marina, trumscheit), Switzerland, 1675-1750. Ex colls.: Heinrich Schumacher, Tribschen (Lucerne); Karl Mangold, Zolliken (Zurich), Switzerland. Jean M. Abramson Estate, Laurium, Michigan, 2006.

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Bows
(in chronological order)

NMM 3389. Violin bow, ca. 1680. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3470. Violin bow, ca. 1700. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 4882. Violin bow attributed to the workshop of Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, ca. 1700. Ex colls.: King Charles IV of Spain; W. E. Hill & Sons, London. Arne B. and Jeanne F. Larson Fund, 1989.

Lit.:  André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 29.


NMM 4544. Pochette bow, France, ca. 1700. Ex coll.: W. E. Hill & Sons, London. Board of Trustees, 1988.

Lit.:  Made for Music:  An Exhibition to Mark the 40th Anniversary of the Galpin Society for the Study of Musical Instruments (Amersham: Halstan & Co., 1986), p. 43.

"Recent Acquisitions Await New Galleries," Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 16, No. 3 (April 1989), p. 2.


NMM 4652. Kit bow, France, ca. 1700-1800. Ex coll.: Baron Armand van Zuylen, Liège. Arne B. and Jeanne F. Larson Fund, 1989.

Lit.:  Important Musical Instruments Including the Van Zuylen Collection of Early Instruments (London: Christie, Manson & Woods, March 16, 1988), lot 191, p. 43.

"1989 Acquisitions at USD Music Museum," Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society 19, No. 1 (February 1990), p. 16.

"It's Been an Incredible Decade . . . Museum Makes Important Acquisitions Again in 1989," Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 17, No. 2 (January 1990), p. 7.

André P. Larson, Amadeus:   His Music and the Instruments of Eighteenth-century Vienna, exhibition catalog, Dahl Fine Arts Center, Rapid City, South Dakota, February 4-March 2, 1990 (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1990), p. 8.

Paul R. Laird, "That Gut Feeling: The World of Early Strings—The Shrine to Music Museum," Continuo (June 1996), p. 16.


NMM 3390. Violin bow, ca. 1740. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3388. Violoncello bow, ca. 1760. Ex colls.: Alexander Mackay-Smith; Emil Herrmann, Monroe, Connecticut. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3444. Violin bow, Italy, ca. 1760. Ex coll.: Bisiach, Milan. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 6720. Double-bass bow attributed to the Panormo family, London or Paris, ca. 1770. Gift of Andrew Dipper, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1999.


NMM 3410. Violin or viola da gamba bow, France, ca. 1770-1790. Ex coll.: Bisiach. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3409. Violin bow attributed to François Xavier Tourte (le Jeune), Paris, ca. 1775-1790. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.

Lit.: André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 35.


NMM 3397. Violin bow, English school, ca. 1780. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3391. Violin bow attributed to Tourte l'aîné, Paris, ca. 1790. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.

Lit.:   Peter Walls, "Mozart and the Violin," Early Music 20, No. 1 (February 1992): p. 17.

André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 35.


NMM 3398. Viola bow by Norris and Barnes, London, ca. 1790. Ex coll.: Alexander Mackay-Smith. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3407. Violin bow by Edward Betts, London, ca. 1790. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 2680. Kit bow attributed to John Dodd, London, ca. 1790-1800. Board of Trustees, 1980.

Lit.:  André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), p. 53.


NMM 3396. Violin bow by Benjamin Banks, Salisbury, before 1795. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3403. Violoncello bow by Forster and Dodd, London, ca. 1800. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.


NMM 3392. Viola/violin bow attributed to François Xavier Tourte (Tourte le jeune), Paris, ca. 1800-1810. Ex coll.: Eugène Ysaÿe, Brussels. Witten-Rawlins Collection, 1984.

Lit.:  Peter Walls, "Mozart and the Violin," Early Music 20, No. 1 (February 1992): p. 17.

André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 35.


NMM 2678. Kit bow by James Dodd, London, ca. 1800-1815. Board of Trustees, 1980.

Lit.:  Musical Instruments, Manuscripts, Autograph Letters, Printed Music and Musical Miscellanea (London: Christie, Manson & Woods, March 14, 1978), lot 85, p. 24 and plate 5.

André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 39.

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