Violin/Viola by Chanot and Lété Workshop, Paris, 1819
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NMM 10011. Violin/viola
by Chanot & Lété workshop, Paris, 1819. Chanot model. Guitar-shaped body without corners or overhanging edges. Purchase funds given by family and friends in memory of Usher Abell (1915-2003), Vermillion, 2003.
Label: handwritten in black ink on paper, with lined texture and line-and-scalloped-edge border: Francois. Chanot [names angled to form upside-down "V"] / à Paris. 1819.
Top: one-piece, quarter-cut spruce with medium grain broadening toward the bass and narrowing toward the treble; slight bear-claw figure on upper bass bout.
Back: one-piece, quarter-cut maple with very narrow curl ascending slightly from treble to bass; ivory cap over entire button.
Ribs: quarter-cut maple with narrow curl, angled to right on bass side, angled to left on treble side; top and back do not overhang ribs.
Edging: edges not scooped; edges capped with rounded ivory over a pearwood strip.
Purfling: five alternating ebony and ivory strips, the outer ones ebony; continues under back button.
Varnish: dark brown.
String holder: guitar-style, rectangular, ebony, with carved saddle, with a convex curve toward upper edge; strings held by three stained hardwood pins with red-painted mother-of-pearl eyes, one red-brown hardwood (possibly pearwood) pin with mother-of-pearl eye, and one ebony pin with mother-of-pearl eye.
Saddle: black-stained maple; does not extend into purfling; later.
Endpin: dark red hardwood with visible lighter rays (possibly pearwood); later.
Top block: poplar or willow; nail into neck heel.
Bottom block: poplar or willow.
Bassbar: low height; ends at upper edge of string holder.
F-holes: curved, slot-shaped; edges lined in ebony and ivory, the inside edge varnished dark brown.
Pegbox and Scroll
Head and neck: maple, narrow curl; reversed scroll, fluted; back of pegbox flat.
Total violin/viola length: 619 mm
Stop length (higher bridge position): 190 mm
Stop length (lower bridge position): 211 mm
Vibrating string length (higher bridge position): 325 mm
Vibrating string length (lower bridge position): 337 mm
Original neck length (bottom of nut to ribs): 132 mm
Upper bout width: 179 mm
Center bout width: 129 mm
Lower bout width: 226 mm
Back length: 379 mm
Rib height: 32-34 mm
National Music Museum
The University of South Dakota
414 East Clark Street
Vermillion, SD 57069