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Natural Trumpet in D by Johann Wilhelm Haas,
Imperial City of Nürnberg, ca. 1710-1720

NMM 7212. Natural trumpet in D by Johann Wilhelm Haas, Imperial City of Nürnberg, ca. 1710-1720.NMM 7212. Natural trumpet in D by Johann Wilhelm Haas, Imperial City of Nürnberg, ca. 1710-1720.

Front                                          Side

NMM 7212. Natural trumpet in D by Johann Wilhelm Haas, Imperial City of Nürnberg, ca. 1710-1720. Five-piece brass body, held together by five ferrules of alternating length (long, short, long, short, long) and a wooden block with red binding and tassels. Overlapping tab seam (width of tabs 3 mm at a distance of 3 mm). Nürnberg rim, wire embossed with leaf and dot pattern. Joe R. and Joella F. Utley Collection, 1999.


Master's Mark

Maker's signature engraved on bell garland Forward leaping hare facing left, engraved on bell garland

Engraved on bell garland: IOHANN / WILHELM / HAAS / NURNBERG and [forward leaping hare facing left] IWH

The master's mark, a leaping hare facing left and hinting at the maker’s name (Hase = hare), identifies the instrument to be the product of Johann Wilhelm Haas (1649-1723), the founder of the most famous Nürnberg trumpet workshop. The trumpet bears no date of manufacture. Since Haas made virtually no design changes during his career, the instrument could have been made anytime between 1676 and 1723. The city inspection mark, N, approving good quality, is stamped on the garland next to the wire affixing the first bow.


Ferrules

Helical fluting ferrules

Helical fluting ferrules of folded sheet metal, surrounded by two embossed wire rings (similar to the bell wire), impressed and engraved lines, and one embossed ring of larger size. The ferrule edge facing the bell is serrated to fit tight against the tubing.


Bell Garland

Cast angel head and other decorative elements

Garland decorated with scallop shells (outlines punched from the front and raised with spherical punch from the back) and four cast angel heads with broad wings.

Engraved tulip
Engraved pomegranate

Engraved tulip

Engraved pomegranate

The angel heads divide the garland into four sections; the fields in between are engraved with the signature, the maker's mark, a tulip, and a pomegranate with leaves (clockwise).


Ball

Cast ball with three male faces.

Cast ball with three male faces soldered onto a sheet metal sleeve with serrated edges and engravings in flame and beam pattern.


African Magi
European Magi

An African

A European

The three figures on the ball show distinct physiognomies:  one has a broad nose, fleshy lips and curly hair, apparently representing an African (left); the other two have pointed head gear and a beard and seem to represent Europeans (right). These figures presumably symbolize the three Wise Men from the East, adoring the infant, Jesus. They supplement the angels that decorate the garland.

Side view of cast ball.

Side view of cast ball


Accessories

Brass mouthpiece with deep cup (not original). Shanks and crooks missing.


Measurements

Sounding length:  2180 mm; internal diameter receiver: 11.7 mm; internal diameter receiver minimum (at ca. 26 mm): 10.9 mm; bell diameter: 112 mm.


Literature

Sabine Klaus, "Haas & Haas: A Miniature Horn and a Natural Trumpet from the Most Famous Nürnberg Workshop," America’s Shrine to Music Museum Newsletter 28, No. 2 (May 2001), pp. 4-5.

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Most recent update:   March 8, 2014

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