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Virtual Tour of
"Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna:
Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance
1789-1848"


Flute by Johann Ziegler, Vienna, ca. 1830

NMM 7403.  Flute by Johann Ziegler, Vienna, ca. 1830.

NMM 7403. Flute by Johann Ziegler, Vienna, ca. 1830. Although some flutists and makers thought that more than eight keys were unnecessary, Johann Ziegler was one of those who began to forge ahead with new and more complex systems. This extraordinary flute, built of boxwood with ivory mounts and sixteen silver keys, bears a Hapsburg eagle stamp, along with Ziegler's name, with an early date being suggested by the oldest form of Ziegler's signature and the integral wood saddles - as opposed to metal posts and axle supports found on most other surviving examples - yet, it is much longer than contemporary instruments, with a foot joint that extends the range down to g, so that violin parts could be played. Ziegler's flutes had an international following, which probably prevented the adoption of the Boehm system in Austria. Only a small number of flutes by Johann Ziegler senior are known to survive, but other examples can be found at the Händel-Haus in Halle, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. Two at the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, were probably made by Ziegler junior. Purchase funds gift of Stella Anker, Vermillion, 1999.

Source: André P. Larson, Beethoven & Berlioz, Paris & Vienna: Musical Treasures from the Age of Revolution & Romance 1789-1848, with essay by John Koster, exhibition catalog, Washington Pavilion, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 12-November 2, 2003 (Vermillion: National Music Museum 2003), p. 40.

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