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Celebrating the 500th Birthday of Andrea Amati:
The Secrets, Lives, and Violins of the Great Cremona Makers
1505-1744

National Music Museum
The University of South Dakota
Vermillion
July 1-4, 2005


Schedule of Events

Friday, July 1

  9:00- 5:00 Registration and Open House, National Music Museum (NMM)
  5:30- 7:00 Opening Reception, Home of USD President and Mrs. James W. Abbott, 415 E. Main Street (three blocks south of the NMM)
  7:00- 8:00NMM galleries open for conference registrants
  8:00- 9:00Introduction of Presenters and Welcoming Remarks, Arne B. Larson Concert Hall, National Music Museum

Dan Christopherson, Mayor of Vermillion

André P. Larson, Director, National Music Museum

Raymond Erickson (City University of New York), Cinquecento Cremona:  The World of the Amatis

A power-point presentation during which Erickson will sketch the story of Cremona into the early 17th century, including principal architectural landmarks, the 16th-century school of Cremonese painting, relationships with Milan and Venice, and the Jewish presence (and later absence) in Cremona, a center for Hebrew publications in the 16th century.

Questions and Answers (Q & A)

Saturday, July 2

 8:00- 9:00Coffee, tea, fruit, and bread in the Jeanne F. Larson Tea Room, National Music Museum
 9:30-10:30Carlo Chiesa (Milan), The Genesis of the Amati Family and Its Influence on Antonio Stradivari's Work

Using the latest discoveries in archival research to illuminate the activities of the various members of the Amati family, Chiesa will show how the seeds laid down by Andrea Amati blossomed and bore fruit in the early works of Stradivari.

Q & A
10:30-10:45Break
10:45-11:45Roundtable: The Amati Family & the Influence of Their Work
What can the Amati instruments tell us about the evolution of the violin?

Philip Kass (Moderator), Carlo Chiesa, Duane Rosengard, John Dilworth, Andrew Dipper

12:00-12:20Demonstration: The King cello by Andrea Amati
Joshua Koestenbaum (St. Paul Chamber Orchestra)
12:30- 1:15Lunch on the Lawn
  1:30- 2:00Open Dialogue Between Robert Bein, Christopher Reuning, and James Warren
  2:00- 2:15Q & A
  2:15- 2:30Break
  2:30- 3:30 Andrew Dipper (Minneapolis), Stradivari's Other Instruments

Dipper will discuss the non-violin family instruments of Stradivari and how their production sheds light on the design of the violin and gives depth to our appreciation of Stradivari. He will use details from his restoration of Stradivari's instruments, as well as reference extant patterns from Stradivari's workshop materials.

Q & A
  3:45- 4:15Ben Hebbert (London), Cremonese Violins:  The London Market

An examination of London as a market in which Cremonese instruments were imported from the sixteenth century, and the beginnings of a speculative market in "old Cremonas" from the 1660s.

Q & A
  4:30- 5:30Roundtable:  Commerce of the Times
Identifying clients, demand, and suppliers that fueled the international music trade and drove the Cremonese violin making industry.

John Koster (Moderator), Ben Hebbert, Duane Rosengard, Andrew Dipper, John Dilworth, Philip Kass

  5:45- 6:15

Demonstration with Sergiu Luca:  NMM 3356, violin by Nicolo Amati, 1628; NMM 5260, violin by Andrea Amati, 1574

  6:30- 7:15Traditional South Dakota Pig Roast on the Lawn
  7:30- 9:30Show and Tell

Sunday, July 3

  8:00- 9:00Coffee, tea, fruit, and breads in the Tea Room
  9:30-10:30Duane Rosengard (Philadelphia), Outside the Gates of Cremona

Using details of the work and workshops of the circle of Stradivari gleaned from the latest research in the Cremona archives, Rosengard will discuss the Rugieri family, Girolamo Amati II, and Giacomo Gennaro, including surprising information about where they worked.

Q & A
10:30-10:45Break
10:45-12:00Roundtable:  How Do We Know? Discussion of Archival Records
Philip Kass (Moderator), Duane Rosengard, Carlo Chiesa, Andrew Dipper, Ben Hebbert

Issues and methodology of archival research. A discussion of the principal and minor resources, where they are found, and how they are being used to paint a more complete picture of life and instrument making in Cremona.

12:30- 1:45Lunch on the Lawn
  1:30- 2:00

Demonstration with Sergiu Luca:  NMM 3361, violino piccolo by Antonio & Girolamo Amati, 1613, and NMM 3364, violin by Girolamo Amati, 1609

  2:15- 2:45Andrew Dipper, A Visit to Stradivari's House:  His Tools, Workshop, Commerce, and Associates

Using the last photographs taken of Stradivari's house, along with other accounts of the property by various writers, Dipper will link Stradivari's life to the place where he worked from 1680 to the end of his life.

Q & A
  3:00- 4:00Roundtable:  Stradivari's Will and What it Tells Us
What does the Stradivari's will tell us about the character, social standing, and business associations of the man behind the violins?

Philip Kass (Moderator), Carlo Chiesa, Andrew Dipper, Duane Rosengard, John Dilworth

  4:15- 5:00John Koster The Instrumental Context of the Cremonese Violin

In sixteenth-to-eighteenth-century Italy, as in the rest of Europe, instruments of the violin family were made and played in the overall context of a diverse instrumentarium, including organs of several types; harpsichords and other stringed-keyboard instruments; lutes, guitars, harps, and citterns; recorders, cornetti, trumpets, and trombones. Examples of these will be presented, primarily from the NMM's encyclopedic collections.

  5:15- 5:45Open Dialogue Between Robert Bein, Christopher Reuning, and James Warren
  6:30- 7:15Dinner on the Lawn
  7:30-

ConcertSergiu Luca, violin, and Byron Schenkman, harpsichord, play works by Bach, Cipoli, Corelli, Tartini, and Vivaldi

Monday, July 4

  8:00- 9:00Coffee, tea, fruit, and breads in the Tea Room
  9:30-10:30John Dilworth (Twickenham), From Andrea Amati to Carlo Bergonzi:  An Overview of Cremonese Design and Construction
Dilworth will examine the fine points of the Cremonese design and what sets it apart from other schools.

Q & A

10:30-10:45Break
10:45-12:00Roundtable:  The Success of the Cremonese Violin
Andrew Ryan (Moderator), John Dilworth, Andrew Dipper, Joe Grubaugh, Philip Kass, Robert Bein

Insights from various makers and experts on how the great Cremonese makers achieved success in design and acoustics. How did they answer to the demands of the marketplace and gain the competitive edge.

12:30- 1:15Lunch on the Lawn
  1:30- 2:00 Demonstration with Sergiu Luca:  NMM 3598, violin (Harrison) by Stradivari, 1693, and NMM 6046, viola by Nicola Bergonzi, 1781
  2:30- 3:45Roundtable:  The Varnish of Cremona Makers:  Current Thoughts on What Makes It So Successful
Andrew Ryan (Moderator), Andrew Dipper, John Dilworth, Carlo Chiesa, Joe Grubaugh, Geary Baese

Was there one Cremonese varnishing system? How did it evolve to suit the tastes and needs of the various Cremonese makers? What evidence is there for a recipe?

Q & A
  4:00- 5:00Roundtable:  Why Cremona?
Philip Kass (Moderator), Carlo Chiesa, John Dilworth, Andrew Dipper, Duane Rosengard, James Warren, Christopher Reuning, Robert Bein, Raymond Erickson

What factors contributed to the excellence and influence of the Cremonese violinmakers? Why are these some of the most prized and valued musical instruments in existence?

  7:00-Grand Banquet at Buffalo Run Resort/Valiant Vineyards Winery to celebrate the 338th anniversary of the wedding of Francesca Feraboschi to Antonio Stradivari

©National Music Museum, 2005
Most recent update: October 19, 2007
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