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Natural Trumpet by Johann Wilhelm Haas,
Imperial City of Nürnberg, ca. 1690-1710

Note: Click on any image below to see a larger image.

NMM 3600.  Natural trumpet by Johann Wilhelm Haas, Imperial City of Nuremberg, ca. 1690-1710 NMM 3600.  Natural trumpet by Johann Wilhelm Haas, Imperial City of Nuremberg, ca. 1690-1710 NMM 3600.  Natural trumpet by Johann Wilhelm Haas, Imperial City of Nuremberg, ca. 1690-1710 NMM 3600.  Natural trumpet by Johann Wilhelm Haas, Imperial City of Nuremberg, ca. 1690-1710

NMM 3600. Natural trumpet by Johann Wilhelm Haas, Imperial City of Nürnberg, ca. 1690-1710. Brass. Restored by Ursula Menzel, Munich, 1984. Board of Trustees, 1985.


Maker's Signature on Bell Garland

Maker's signature Maker's signature

Engraved on bell garland: I W HAAS, fec. Noriberg. Master's mark (engraved above the word fec.): rabbit facing left with front feet off ground.



Inspection Mark

Crafts office mark

Inspection mark
on trumpet

     
Nuremberg coat-of-arms

City of Nürnberg
Coat-of-Arms

The Beschauzeichen or inspection mark, [City of Nürnberg coat-of-arms] / N, stamped onto the trumpet certifies the quality of the instrument. This could be interpreted in two ways: 1) the overall quality of the instrument was found to be good and/or 2) the solder used was "good hard solder" with a comparatively low zinc content.



Additional Views of Bell Garland and Bell Rim

Floral engraving Engraving on bell garland Detail of bell rim

The relatively simple engraving was probably done in Haas' workshop, rather than by a professional engraver. The simple, machine-rolled, wire rim was likely purchased directly from a wire drawers' shop.


Scallop Shell Edging on Garland

Scallop shell decoration on garland

Scallop shell decoration was stamped and punched from the back.



Ferrules

Ferrule Ferrule Ferrule Ferrule Ferrule

Ferrules decorated with three engraved lines alternating with one impressed line.


Ball and Sleeves

Ball and sleeves

Pointed ball made of two sheet-brass halves.


Bell Interior

Bell interior


Reproduction Mouthpiece

Mouthpiece Mouthpiece

Reproduction brass mouthpiece copied from an original made in 1698.



Measurements

Sounding length:  2079 mm; body length: 686 mm; bell diameter:  108 mm.



Literature

"1985 Acquisitions at USD Music Museum," Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society 15, No. 1 (February 1986), p. 8.

Margaret Downie Banks, "17th-and 18th-Century Brass Instruments at The Shrine to Music Museum," Brass Bulletin 58, No. 2 (1987), pp. 52-54 and 56.

André P. Larson, The National Music Museum: A Pictorial Souvenir (Vermillion: National Music Museum, 1988), pp. 34-35.

David Schulenberg, Music of the Baroque (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), p. 270.

Mary Oleskiewicz, "The Rise of Italian Chamber Music," Chapter Three in The World of Baroque Music:  New Perspectives, edited by George B. Stauffer (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2006), p. 50 and plate 10.

Paul Voet, De Eeuwigheid van Trompetten en Trompetters: Ontstaan en Evolutie (Wormerveer, The Netherlands: Molenaar Edition BV, 2006), p. 118, fig. 78.

Go to Checklist of Natural Trumpets Made in the Imperial City of Nürnberg Before 1800

Go to Checklist of Brass Instruments Made Before 1800

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