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Ceremony Drum by Carl Winters
Standing Rock Sioux, Taos, New Mexico, 1991

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Ceremony drum by Carl Winters, Standing Rock Sioux, Taos, New Mexico, 1991 Side of drum Back of drum

NMM 5282.  Ceremony drum by Carl Winters, Standing Rock Sioux, Taos, New Mexico, 1991. Frame drum composed of nine fitted arches, each a third of the total circumference. Three layers, each with three arches, glued, nailed and pressed, forming shell wall. Entire surface, except the very edge, augmented with white paint or dye prior to stretching, creating scallop-shaped edge on back of drum. Turtle outlined in white with blue and red accents. Transfer from University Art Galleries, University of South Dakota, 1992.


Drum with Beater

Drum with beater

This drum, one of a limited edition of 40, won the "best of tribal arts" at the Northern Plains Tribal Arts Show, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, September 27-29, 1991. The maker, originally from Fort Yates, North Dakota, attended the Institute of American Indian Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico, before moving to Taos, where he lived for 10 years before making this prize-winning drum.


Drum Maker's Signature

Maker's signature


Rawhide Lacing on Drumhead and Handle

Structural detail Structural detail

Drumhead lacing (left):  skin stretched over frame, forming scallop-shaped arches on back of drum; 16 slits cut through edge of skin, through which rawhide lacing is threaded.

Rawhide handle (right):  rawhide lacing is gathered in center of drum and wrapped with additonal rawhide strips, forming a cross-shaped handle.

Go to Checklist of Musical Instruments of the Indigenous Peoples of North America

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