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Images from The Beede Gallery

Sorna, Iran, ca. 1950
Algaita, Nigeria or Savannah Area of Western Africa, ca. 1925

Left: NMM 1426.  Double-reed woodwind (sorna), Iran, ca. 1950. Stained fruit-wood body with seven fingerholes, brass pirouette, and double reed formed from a flattened cylinder of grass. Played in villages for weddings, in cities from towers at sundown and for religious dramas, and by wandering minstrels. Overall length with reed: 347 mm; diameter of bell: 64 mm. Sent by donor's sister, Eleanor Engeman McNair, missionary in Iran, 1949-1954. Gift of Tom Engeman, Sibley, Iowa, 1976.

Right: NMM 1293.  Double-reed woodwind (algaita), Nigeria or savannah area of western Africa, ca. 1925. Three-part (cylindrical/conical) wood body covered with leather. Four finger holes, typical of the instrument in Nigeria, where the player presses his lips against the disc and uses his cheeks as an air reservoir, so that the instrument can be blown continuously. Overall length: 465 mm; diameter of bell: 54 mm. Ex coll.: Phillip Bate, London. Arne B. Larson Collection, 1979.

Click on any image on this page to see a larger view.

Two double-reed woodwind instruments:  Algaita and Sorna


NMM 1426. Sorna, Iran, ca. 1950

Front, Side, Back, and Bell Views

Front view Side view 1 Side view 2Back view Bell interior


NMM 1293. Algaita, Nigeria or Savannah Area of Western Africa, ca. 1925

Front, Side, and Back Views

Front view Side view 1 Side view 2Back view


Details of Algaita Construction

Leather seam at top
 
Leather seam at bottom
 
Pirouette
 
Bell interior

Leather Seam
at Top

 

Leather Seam
at Bottom

 

Top of
Pirouette

 

Interior
of Bell

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